logic questions

tequilawine
Posts: 14
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2015 6:11 pm

logic questions

Postby tequilawine » Wed Mar 01, 2017 10:45 pm

Essiest: Many people are hypocritical in that they often pretend to be more morally upright than they really are. when hypocrisy is exposed, hypocrites are embarrassed by their moral lapse, which motivates them and others to try to become better people. on the other hand, when hypocrisy persists without exposure, the belief that most people are good is fostered, which motivates most people to try to be good.
The essayists statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
A The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to believe that no one is morally blameless.
B The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to make efforts to live by moral standards.
C The existence of hypocrisy in some pople encourages others to fall into moral lapse.
D The hiding of hypocrisy is a better way of motivating people to try to be good than is the exposing of it.
E There is no stronger motivator for people to try to be good than the exposing of hypocrisy.

The correct answer is B, however, i didn't see any moral standards talked about in the stimuli.

researchers have discovered that caffeine can be as physically addictive as other psychoactive substances. Some people find that they become unusually depressed, drowsy, or even irritable if they do not have their customary dose of caffeine. This is significant because as many people consume caffeine as consume any one of the other addictive psychoactive substances.
Which one of the following can be logically concluded from the information above?
A There is no psychoactive substance to which more people are physically addicted than are addicted to caffeine.
B A physical addiction to a particular psychoactive substance will typically give rise to diverse psychological symptoms.
C Not all substances to which people can become physically addicted are psychoactive.
D If one is physically addicted to a psychoactive substance, one will become unusually depressed when one is no longer ingesting that substance.
E If alcohol is physically addictive psychoactive substance, there are not more people who consume alcohol than consume caffeine.

E is the correct answer, i don't know what's wrong with D?


Thanks for help.

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Platopus
Posts: 863
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2017 11:20 pm

Re: logic questions

Postby Platopus » Wed Mar 01, 2017 11:04 pm

tequilawine wrote:researchers have discovered that caffeine can be as physically addictive as other psychoactive substances. Some people find that they become unusually depressed, drowsy, or even irritable if they do not have their customary dose of caffeine. This is significant because as many people consume caffeine as consume any one of the other addictive psychoactive substances.
Which one of the following can be logically concluded from the information above?
A There is no psychoactive substance to which more people are physically addicted than are addicted to caffeine.
B A physical addiction to a particular psychoactive substance will typically give rise to diverse psychological symptoms.
C Not all substances to which people can become physically addicted are psychoactive.
D If one is physically addicted to a psychoactive substance, one will become unusually depressed when one is no longer ingesting that substance.
E If alcohol is physically addictive psychoactive substance, there are not more people who consume alcohol than consume caffeine.

E is the correct answer, i don't know what's wrong with D?



D is wrong because it talks about ALL psychoactive substances. The stimulus only gives us information on the symptoms of caffeine.

E is correct because if the number of people who consume caffeine is greater than or equal to the number of people who consume any other possible psychoactive substance, and alcohol is a psychoactive substance, then there is no way that more people can consume alcohol that caffeine

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Platopus
Posts: 863
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2017 11:20 pm

Re: logic questions

Postby Platopus » Wed Mar 01, 2017 11:10 pm

tequilawine wrote:Essiest: Many people are hypocritical in that they often pretend to be more morally upright than they really are. when hypocrisy is exposed, hypocrites are embarrassed by their moral lapse, which motivates them and others to try to become better people. on the other hand, when hypocrisy persists without exposure, the belief that most people are good is fostered, which motivates most people to try to be good.
The essayists statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
A The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to believe that no one is morally blameless.
B The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to make efforts to live by moral standards.
C The existence of hypocrisy in some pople encourages others to fall into moral lapse.
D The hiding of hypocrisy is a better way of motivating people to try to be good than is the exposing of it.
E There is no stronger motivator for people to try to be good than the exposing of hypocrisy.

The correct answer is B, however, i didn't see any moral standards talked about in the stimuli.


Thanks for help.


I think here, moral standards = becoming better people/trying to be good.

tequilawine
Posts: 14
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2015 6:11 pm

Re: logic questions

Postby tequilawine » Thu Mar 09, 2017 8:07 pm

Platopus wrote:
tequilawine wrote:Essiest: Many people are hypocritical in that they often pretend to be more morally upright than they really are. when hypocrisy is exposed, hypocrites are embarrassed by their moral lapse, which motivates them and others to try to become better people. on the other hand, when hypocrisy persists without exposure, the belief that most people are good is fostered, which motivates most people to try to be good.
The essayists statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
A The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to believe that no one is morally blameless.
B The existence of hypocrisy encourages people to make efforts to live by moral standards.
C The existence of hypocrisy in some pople encourages others to fall into moral lapse.
D The hiding of hypocrisy is a better way of motivating people to try to be good than is the exposing of it.
E There is no stronger motivator for people to try to be good than the exposing of hypocrisy.

The correct answer is B, however, i didn't see any moral standards talked about in the stimuli.


Thanks for help.


I think here, moral standards = becoming better people/trying to be good.


Thanks for your explanation




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