Chardee_MacDennis wrote:The evidence is that the report is commissioned by the company’s rival, which, in the author’s view, makes the report biased. Thus, according to the author, the claim that the packaged product is not nutritious is false due to this bias. It’s more of a “defeats the evidence of a claim to prove that claim is true” flaw than anything else.
D is incorrect because you don't necessarily care about this, and even if it were true, the conclusion is that the report is biased, so the claim in the report is false, not that one company's foods are more nutritious than the other. This goes outside the scope of the stimulus.
Thanks for your respose, but I don't get it, why is choice A so right compared to the others. What would you say is the trap answer, versus a very good bad answer? What is each choice trying to get at? To me, some are just WAY OFF.
Could you comment on the way I analysis on EACH of the choices? Also, is my general approach good?
It seems like the flaw in your approach is that you fail to properly identify the premise(s) and conclusion of the argument. In this instance, the commentator makes a very specific conclusion: the report is biased, so the claim that the company's products are devoid of nutritional value is false. The flaw is that he's treating the fact that a certain piece of evidence for a claim could be/is flawed, therefore the claim itself is false. Maybe the report is biased, but that fact doesn't rule out the validity of the claim. You need an answer choice that addresses that.
A) Cash money. The evidence is flawed, so the claim (foods are devoid of nutrtional value) is false.
B) The stimulus doesn't mention other products, just a very specific type of product to which the report refers. Sampling isn't an issue here.
C) Maybe they do, but how does this address our conclusion? (Hint: it doesn't.)
D) Again, we're talking about a report that makes a claim about a specific product, the refutation of the evidence (the report), and how the claim is therefore false. Who cares about the competitor's products?
E) The report is about Ocksenfrey's foods, not Danto's.
Also, don't post the full text of the actual question.