BlackadderIn wrote:Thanks to all Gurus for taking your time and thanks MLBrandow for establishing this thread!
I have a question about PT44 S4 Q20. I understand that B is correct, but I don't get why D is wrong.
The research data suggest a correlation between the gene variant and impulsive behavior in children. The conclusion is about a causal relationship between the variant and thrill-seeking behavior (TS) that has been identified as adult behavior in the first sentence. But if the individuals who have thrill-seeking behavior as adults are not the same ones who have impulsive behavior as children, there can be no correlation established between TS and that gene variant, even less a causal relationship??
and I thought a Q20 would require you to read into all the details in wording?
The problem with answer choice (D) is that it does not specify any specific type of behavioral tendencies. It just says 'behavior tendencies' without giving any indication of what type the answer choice is referring to.
The statement is so general that it could be talking about any type of behavioral tendencies many adults have that they did not have as children, such as doing your own laundry, keeping the bedroom and bathrooms clean, keeping fresh food to eat stocked in the refrigerator, etc.
To tether it together with the behavioral tendencies the argument and conclusion specifically focuses on and tries to link together (impulsive as a child to thrill seeking as an adult) because of a common cause, the gene variant, you have to add on the unwarranted assumption that answer choice (D) is talking about thrill seeking behavior and impulsive behavioral tendencies.
Making that assumption is unwarranted due to how vague and general the answer choice is about what it is talking about.
Many tempting trap answers on weaken and strengthen questions temp you to add on an unwarranted/unsupported assumption/inference that is not supported by the material in the stimulus, in the text of the trap answer or by reasonable common sense applied to interpretation of any of the text in context.
It's a common construction tactic used by LSAT question writers to give you an opportunity to attribute more meaning to what an answer choice says and means than it actually does, especially given the short time you have for each question in order to test attention to detail and how well you are actively reading and scrutinizing the meaning and substance of what each statement really means and logically establishes.
With this one, by the time you get to (D) (or have read all 5 answer choices, which you always should unless running out of time), you've read the word 'behavior(al)' multiple times in several different places, and if not being really anal with literal analysis
of what it is referring to in each instance, it's really easy for your mind to just assume that (D) is specifically talking about impulsive behavior by children and thrill seeking behavior by adults even though it doesn't.
This question is a good example of how the DH 'load bearing language' strategies to select an answer choice when down to two will likely insure selection of several incorrect answer choices per logical reasoning section that will cause one to score somewhere below 170 or even below 165+
Notice the logical force of the correct answer choice (B), it's 100% rock solid with logical force, 'it is NOT POSSIBLE', whereas the main trap answer (D) uses what he calls 'middle language' with the word 'many'.
Just thought I would point that out for people seriously looking to achieve a ~165+ or even 98-99th percentile score. There are plenty of other examples in the LR sections of every administered test that do not conform to the 'load bearing level' of how the correct answer choices are phrased per question type gimmicks Mr. Hall preaches to use to avoid doing 'analysis'. Use at your own risk if you are shooting for a 90th percentile score or higher.