Logical Reasoning Help - Preptest 10, Section 1, Question 19

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IsaacH12
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Logical Reasoning Help - Preptest 10, Section 1, Question 19

Postby IsaacH12 » Mon Jun 07, 2010 5:58 pm

Hey guys. Long time lurker. First time poster.


This LR question is really giving me fits. I don't get how (C) does weaken the stimulus. If the argument, as mentioned in the stimulus, is that tax subsidies for bus fares should benefit those who pay taxes and the current bus tax subsidy should be cancelled because it benefits non-taxpaying out of towners, how does the fact that canceling it would also disadvantaging non-taxpaying residents hurt the argument?

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Atlas LSAT Teacher
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Re: Logical Reasoning Help - Preptest 10, Section 1, Question 19

Postby Atlas LSAT Teacher » Mon Jun 07, 2010 6:52 pm

Welcome to the fray!

The conclusion of this argument is that the town councilors feel that bus fares should be raised. Why? Because these councilors feel that taxes should be used to benefit tax-payers, and some of the folks who benefit from the low fares are commuters (i.e. non-tax payers).

We're asked to find the answer choice that does NOT weaken the argument. Let's knock down the ones that do:

(A) weakens the argument by presenting a reason that raising the fares would HURT the tax-payers, not benefit them.
(B) provides a reason that the higher fares would increase costs.
(C) is strange because it sets up two new premises. Along with establishing that poor folks would be disadvantaged by the higher fares, we learn that the councilors feel that poor folks should be able to take advantage of city-services. With that new rule in place, removing the subsidy doesn't make sense. (C) provides a rather separate reason that the subsidies are problematic.
(D) is out of scope -- there's no mention of concern with what the voters feel.
(E) disrupts the argument by showing that commuters can pay taxes, thus the use of taxes to benefit them would make sense.

Make sense?

[Edited to flesh out the explanation]

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IsaacH12
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Re: Logical Reasoning Help - Preptest 10, Section 1, Question 19

Postby IsaacH12 » Mon Jun 07, 2010 8:30 pm

Thanks a bunch, Atlas. That makes a hell of a lot more sense now.

I just need to remember to attack the conclusion for "weaken" questions.

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Atlas LSAT Teacher
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Re: Logical Reasoning Help - Preptest 10, Section 1, Question 19

Postby Atlas LSAT Teacher » Tue Jun 08, 2010 9:18 am

IsaacH12 wrote:Thanks a bunch, Atlas. That makes a hell of a lot more sense now.

Glad to help. But when Batman asks for help, you know the shit has hit the fan.




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