PrepTest 36 2nd Reasoning section No. 24

mz253
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PrepTest 36 2nd Reasoning section No. 24

Postby mz253 » Sun Apr 25, 2010 4:01 pm

Well, I chose B, I guess "detailing" is wrong here.

But for C, I get the author meant that fewer strikes do not mean a weakening union power. But I do not understand why it stretches to "indicating the opposite of wht the newspaper concludes." Also, No.23, the conclusion is "no reason to believe on the basis of what the newspaper article said, that union strength in Britain is declining." It doesn't mean that the union is getting stronger, right?

can anyone help me out here?

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matt@atlaslsat
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Re: PrepTest 36 2nd Reasoning section No. 24

Postby matt@atlaslsat » Sun Apr 25, 2010 7:47 pm

Let's look these two separately...

#23
The newspaper article is arguing that unions are declining in strength. The author is arguing, however, that unions are not declining - the opposite of what the newspaper article is arguing. So while the polar opposite of "unions declining in strength" is "unions increasing in strength", the logical opposite of "unions declining in strength" is "unions not declining in strength" (either remaining at the same point or getting stronger).

#24
The newspaper concludes that unions are declining in strength. The evidence put forward by the newspaper is the declining number and size of strikes. The author takes this same piece of evidence and twists it around to imply the denial of the conclusion. The author uses the fact that there are fewer and smaller strikes to suggest that the unions are not weaker and may in fact be stronger. This is perfectly summarized in answer choice (C).

(A) is not true. The author doesn't question the evidence, just the conclusion reached from it.
(B) states something that never happened. It's not that the evidence the newspaper used is outdated, rather, the author states that it leads to a different conclusion.
(C) is correct for the reasons above.
(D) states something that never happened. The author does not question the motivations of the newspaper article's conclusion.
(E) mentions common interests between unions and management. The author mentions common interests between unions and others. Not exactly the same thing!




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