This is interesting, but unfortunately, it just confused me more and brought up more questions. Are multi-racial applicants considered to be URM, even if their races are NOT considered minorities? For example, I think two really common races in law school are white and asian, so neither are URM. But for a mixed race white/asian, are they then URM? or did I totally misread something?
thanks Dean Perez for chiming in
What's confusing you is probably the tendency on TLS for people to not consider Asian as a "real" minority because of their (real or perceived, depending on what school you're talking about) over-representation in higher education. They are, however, absolutely considered an under-represented minority in American law schools generally, even if they may constitute a larger proportion of the class at any specific school than in the general population of that school's region.
In case anyone is wondering, the ABA categories (many universities use more detailed, nuanced categories) are:
Non-Resident Alien (not counted as "minority")
Race and Ethnicity Unkown
Hispanics of Any Race
American Indian or Alaska Native
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or More Races
It can get a little complicated sometimes, but it's usually easy to figure out as long as the student gives us enough information. E.g., someone who is of Afro-Cuban descent would go in the "Hispanic of any race" category, while Tiger Woods would go in the "Two or More Races" category. On the other hand, someone who is, say, half European and half Middle-Eastern would count in the "White" category since both are included in the description for that category.