ljoandc wrote:1) Does "many" count as "some?" or is it "most?"
"Some". Many people live in China, but not over half the world's popularion.
2) PT 45, LR Section 1, #19 (environmental policies): Kind of lost me here on why A is the answer. I picked B but looking back I know it's wrong because the resources are talking about social programs.
So the columnist argues that the bigger forest/less acid rain lends proof to excessive restrictions possibly diminishing a country's wealth. Well, there really isn't any proof connecting those two ideas - excessive restrictions leading to less money. So in my answers, I need to connect them.
(A) connects them by saying that wealth is largely derived from the sale of natural resources. If that's the case, then excessive restrictions that prevent the sale (which is one way to use the resources) might threaten the wealth.
(B) is all over the place - social policies, increased levels of technology, etc... While a + question can bring in outside information, that outside information has to have an impact on the conclusion. This one doesn't.
3) PT 45, section 4, #20 (9 year olds and cigarettes): So my thought looking into the answer choices was that the flaw dealt with unrepresentative sample. I was between A and D, but I ended up picking D because I thought that the answer choice only dealt with men, and not everyone.
Well, you do have an unrepresentative sample, but the problem is more specific than that - you're not looking at a group during the proper time frame. Nine-year-olds aren't representative, but not because they're not people - it's because they can't buy cigarettes until they're older. I'm looking for an answer choice that deals with that temporal element.
There's also a bigger problem with (D) (other than the fact that the sampling fallacy is different) - it also includes a huge equivocation. My premises are about life span; my conclusion is about good health. Those aren't the same thing - I could live a healthy 50 years; I could live to be 90, coughing and wheezing my way through the second half of my life. When a Parallel Flaw answer has a flaw that doesn't show up in the stimulus, I have an incorrect answer.