Property Multiple Choice Question

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sweetdee

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Property Multiple Choice Question

This is from a final exam for my property instructor...
"James conveys Blackacre 'to Burt and such of his children who survive him.' The quoted words are best described as:
(a) Words of limitation
(b) Words of purchase
(c) Words creating a life estate and a vested remainder
(d) Words creating a fee simple in Burt followed by a contingent remainder."

I've asked several people, and we can't come up with a consensus.
I'm pretty sure it's (b), but a solid answer would be great.

MBZags

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

It seems like it would be B, simply because it doesn't look like there's actually a remainder.

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

That's really just "Burt and his heirs" paraphrased. So to me, it looks like a fee simple absolute, so you can rule out C and D. "To Burt" are definitely words of purchase...the only thing I'm not totally sure of is the "and his heirs" paraphrase. My initial thought was that those are words of limitation, but that would make it impossible to answer the multiple choice question...so I'd guess B.

I have yet to outline estates...I'll be getting to that tonight.

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

On first glance, it seems to be D. I have no idea how it could be B. Am I completely missing something here?

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

JCougar wrote:That's really just "Burt and his heirs" paraphrased.

Children and heirs are completely differently concepts though.

BCLS

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:On first glance, it seems to be D. I have no idea how it could be B. Am I completely missing something here?

Helm I'm with you on D. Maybe I'm missing it too?

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:
JCougar wrote:That's really just "Burt and his heirs" paraphrased.

Children and heirs are completely differently concepts though.

Yeah, you're right.

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

Kilpatrick

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

None of them look right. It's definitely not A or B. If that was supposed to be a paraphrase of 'and his heirs' the drafter should be shot. Surviving children and heirs are not even close to the same thing.

It's not D because there is no remainder if there is a fee simple absolute

C is probably the best even though there's not really a way to know if the children are vested or not. But that sounds the closest. So if Burt has children that are ascertained, they would have vested remainders subject to open.

BCLS

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Ahh that makes sense!

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Yeah, it can't be D because it's not a fee simple if there is a remainder, right?

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

JCougar wrote:Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

I don't think it's vested subject to open because any children's interests are subject to a condition precedent.

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

This question is driving me crazy.

I think it's time for me to get back to my outline. I'm in no condition to answer estate questions at the moment.

SeymourShowz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

It can't be D because you can't give someone an FSA and then specify who it goes to afterwards (other than just plain ol' heirs)

It can't be C because you can't have a vested remainder if he doesn't have children, and if he did have any children it would be a vested remainder subject to open.

I think the correct answer is A, through process of elimination. The only other choice is B, but I think words of purchase are strictly defined as "O to A" or "O to B" or whatever.
Last edited by SeymourShowz on Fri Dec 03, 2010 11:26 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

JCougar wrote:Yeah, it can't be D because it's not a fee simple if there is a remainder, right?

No, things like executory interests can cut off fee simples.

Borhas

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

it's c

It can't be C because you can't have a vested remainder if he doesn't have children, and if he did have an children it would be a vested remainder subject to open.

a vested remainder subject to open is a type of vested remainder though
Last edited by Borhas on Sun Jan 28, 2018 2:11 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Borhas wrote:it's c

Are we just assuming that he has present children (thereby creating a vested remainder subject to open)?

Kilpatrick

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:
JCougar wrote:Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

I don't think it's vested subject to open because any children's interests are subject to a condition precedent.

I don't think that's right. The "condition" for the children is only that they outlive the father. That's just the natural termination of the life estate.

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Kilpatrick wrote:
Helmholtz wrote:
JCougar wrote:Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

I don't think it's vested subject to open because any children's interests are subject to a condition precedent.

I don't think that's right. The "condition" for the children is only that they outlive the father. That's just the natural termination of the life estate.

According to Gilberts (which was written by my property prof): "To A, then to A's surviving children" creates a contingent remainder in the children if none are alive.

Borhas

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:
Borhas wrote:it's c

Are we just assuming that he has present children (thereby creating a vested remainder subject to open)?

yes kind of but I thought the "As such of" means they already exist

seems kind of weird to use the word "survive" as part of the interpretation for the life estate and the condition right?
Last edited by Borhas on Sun Jan 28, 2018 2:11 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Kilpatrick wrote:
Helmholtz wrote:
JCougar wrote:Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

I don't think it's vested subject to open because any children's interests are subject to a condition precedent.

I don't think that's right. The "condition" for the children is only that they outlive the father. That's just the natural termination of the life estate.

It's not just the natural termination of the life estate. If it was that, it seems like it would be "O to A for life, then to B." B has an indefeasibly vested remainder following the natural termination and is not subject to any condition precedent (i.e. survival).

SeymourShowz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:According to Gilberts (which was written by my property prof): "To A, then to A's surviving children" creates a contingent remainder in the children if none are alive.

that's correct, but if he had kids it would be vested remainder subject to open.

so there's no way C is correct

JCougar

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

It is a vested remainder if the children already exist. If the children don't exist, then I don't know.

Kilpatrick

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

Helmholtz wrote:
Kilpatrick wrote:
Helmholtz wrote:
JCougar wrote:Actually, now I'm leaning C. That sounds like a life estate to Burt, and a vested remainder to any of his children who may or may not survive him.

I don't think it's vested subject to open because any children's interests are subject to a condition precedent.

I don't think that's right. The "condition" for the children is only that they outlive the father. That's just the natural termination of the life estate.

It's not just the natural termination of the life estate. If it was that, it seems like it would be "O to A for life, then to B." B has an indefeasibly vested remainder following the natural termination and is not subject to any condition precedent (i.e. survival).

Ok, I think you are right. I was thinking of a problem that went "to A for life and in the event of A's death to B and her heirs" which my prof. gave as an example of a trap.

So it's definitely C

Helmholtz

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Re: Property Multiple Choice Question

SeymourShowz wrote:
Helmholtz wrote:According to Gilberts (which was written by my property prof): "To A, then to A's surviving children" creates a contingent remainder in the children if none are alive.

that's correct, but if he had kids it would be vested remainder subject to open.

so there's no way C is correct

No, I know. I wasn't arguing for C for the main reason that presence of existing children were not mentioned.

Also, isn't James keeping a possibility of reverter here?

I'm still missing how it could be A or B.

"to Burt" sounds like the words of purchase and "and such of his children who survive him" sound like the words of limitation.